Chess (by opening the shin), is a game played on a square-shaped board played by two people, and the board is divided and consists of 64 squares in black and white with dimensions of 8 x 8 square, and the game of chess is loved by millions of people around the world, whether they are amateur or professional players, and the number of Its players are approximately 605 million adults.
How to Play Chess
The game begins with each player owning 16 stones as follows, one king, one queen (a minister), two castles, two horses, two elephants, and eight pawns, and each of these stones has a specific movement that he makes, and the queen is the strongest stone in the game and the pawn is the weakest, and the main goal of The game is the death of the opponent’s king by placing him under the threat of being surrounded by stones from everywhere, and the match can end in a draw in several different ways.
It is believed that the origin of the game dates back to India a little before the seventh century AD, where the name of the game was derived from an Indian game that was famous at the time called Chaturanga, which is probably considered the basis for eastern games, such as Chinese chess, shogi, and Korean chess, and certainly for this game Rules are binding on the player that he cannot bypass while playing, or else he will be kicked out of the game.
Chess Terms and Conditions
The rules of chess can be divided into two parts, they are the rules of the players and the rules of the movements, and they can be explained as follows:
Rules of chess players
- Each player has 16 chess pieces of the color he initially chose, either white or black, and these pieces are the king, the minister, or the queen, 2 horses, 8 pawns, 2 castles, and elephants.
- The game starts with the one who plays in white, and this rule is always binding on the application, where the white stars with two moves, then the black follows him to play after that, then the pieces are swapped and moved, each in turn.
- During the game, the player reaches a stage or role in which he cannot make any movement, and the game is then considered over, and the end may be with a checkmate movement or that the player’s king is attacked by the second player, and the game may end in a draw.
Chess Game Rules
There are rules for moving stones; As each stone has its own movement, it is not permissible to move with others according to certain points, and these movements are as follows:
- Elephant: moves diagonally according to the number desired by the player himself, but the elephant does not have the ability to jump.
- The Minister or the Queen: His movement is either vertical or horizontal, and he moves somehow between the castle and the elephant, and optionally according to the player’s desire.
- King: Only one square moves, but it can move in all directions.
- Horse: It moves two horizontal squares and one vertical square, ie in the shape of the letter L, and it is the only stone capable of jumping over other stones.
- The castle: it moves in a horizontal or vertical direction, and it is able to protect the king to move in certain directions, but it cannot jump as a horse can.
- Soldier: He moves in one square of the same column. In the first stage, he can move two squares in front of him if the two squares are empty. He can also eliminate the other soldier and take his place if he moves in a diagonal direction.
Additional Rules of Chess
- The first player, i.e. who holds the white color, prefers to be on the right, and at the beginning of the game, it is not permissible to move the piece over the other.
- The chessboard shall be divided into 64 squares in the shape of eight columns and eight rows, drawn on them from AH, and also from 1-8.
A Piece that can be Moved at the beginning of the Game Other Than Soldiers
A piece of horse or knight as it is sometimes called is a piece that can be moved at the beginning of the game other than soldiers, and at the start of the match each player has two horses placed in columns B and G, and the effectiveness of the horse appears when it is in the middle of the board; Where it can attack or guard the maximum number of squares, while its effectiveness decreases when it is placed at the edges of the board. The theoretical value of the horse piece is three pawns, and it can move three squares. It is the only chess piece in the game that has the ability to bypass the pieces that hinder its movement; Thanks to that feature; The chess player can carry out a “checkmate strangling” horse so that the opponent’s king is exposed to death; Because it’s smothered with another piece.
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