Many people search for the difference between natural marble and artificial marble in order to know the best when using, but before that, marble must be known; Where marble is one of the types of metamorphic rocks that are formed as a result of high temperatures and extreme pressure to which the rock is exposed in the ground, it is produced from metamorphic rock from calcite, which is characterized by a high degree of purity.
Marble has many uses; It is included in buildings, statues, memorials, decorations, and matters related to furniture and floors, and it is one of the most important countries that produce it: Turkey, Spain, Palestine, Egypt, and Brazil, and it is characterized by different and contrasting colors, and it is worth noting that the dust resulting from marble pieces It may lead to lung disease.
The Importance of Marble
- Marble is mainly used in buildings, attractions, interior decoration, and tabletops; The color and appearance are the most important characteristics of marble.
- Some types of marble are characterized by the ability to transmit light through them, and slashes painted on marble are mainly used for interior decoration and antiques; As it works to transmit light in two directions, so the panels intended for uses, in which the transparency is great, are cut in parallel, which increases the importance of marble in such uses.
- Marble is widely used in sculpting statues.
- Some types of marble maintain their relatively smooth surface for long periods of time even during weathering, which makes marble one of the basic materials used in making kitchens.
What is the Difference Between Natural Marble and ArtificialMarble?
The reason for the difference between natural marble and artificial marble is due to the nature of the rocks being significantly different, based on the material they are made of, and because of the environmental conditions that had a primary role in its formation, which affected the different chemical and physical properties of marble, and the difference between natural marble and artificial marble lies Below:
- Natural marble has a distinct range of natural colors, and although the colors are different, their brightness is much lower than that of artificial marble.
- Natural marble is characterized by different and natural designs, which is not found in artificial marble; Its shapes are very similar.
- The basic properties of natural marble are inherent and cannot be changed, however, in the case of artificial marble, they can be changed based on the needs, and according to the specifications of the final product.
- Natural marble lasts for a longer period, provided that it is maintained properly, and this does not apply to artificial marble, as continued use may lead to the fading of the printing layer on artificial marble, and this is one of the most important factors of the difference between natural marble and artificial marble.
Features of Natural Marble
- One of the most important features of natural marble is that it does not absorb heat, or be affected by it quickly, and within a short time.
- In the case of polished marble, it is a good reflector of light.
- Natural marble is a material that adapts to all conditions, and it can be placed in places exposed to heat, humidity, and wind; As it is not affected by erosion and climate factors.
Natural marble is formed in the form of crystal stones resulting from a group of natural factors that occur in the inner layers of the earth, the most important of which are the high temperatures and the high pressure to which the soil is exposed. On the formation of multiple types of natural marble, of different quality, and the most important types of natural marble:
- Calcite marble: This type is characterized by its low levels of magnesium carbonate; As it constitutes less than 5% of the percentage of different materials that make up calcite marble.
- Dolomite marble: This type of natural marble is characterized by the fact that magnesium carbonate constitutes a high percentage of its total components; Its proportion ranges between 5-40% of the marble composition, and the place of its formation is the main element that affects the proportions of the materials contained in the marble.
- Agate marble: It is characterized by containing solid calcium carbonate, which in turn was formed as a result of the gradual accumulation of cold solutions passing through small rivers. Often found in nature in layers, this marble is characterized by its transparent yellow, brown, and green colors.
- Vivid stone marble: This type of marble is called hydrated magnesium silicate marble, and its composition is dominated by the mineral serpentine.
- Green veins marble: It is characterized by containing a high percentage of agglomerated serpentine, which is easy to shape without being broken or damaged.
Artificial marble is made from a mixture of marble powder and glue, and a range of colors and dyes are added to get it in the desired shape, and it is widely used in many uses; It is an industrial and commercial alternative to natural marble, and it is made of limestone, but its texture is more compact, and its texture is softer, and it is used in the manufacture of floors, entrances, and drawers, and many transparent colors are available from it, and among the most important types of industrial marble:
- Acrylic marble: This type is one of the best and most widely used types of artificial marble. Where there is a great demand for it for the manufacture of kitchens, floors, food travel, laundries, and bathrooms, marble is also known for being environmentally friendly and is often made of resin, aluminum powder, and industrial dyes to add various colors to it.
- Polyester marble: This type of artificial marble occupies the second place in terms of quality, after the previous type, and it is characterized by the possibility of its flesh easily in the event of direct blows, and it emits a strong smell.
- Sodium carbonate marble: This type of marble is of the lowest quality, and it is not recommended to use it because it is easy to break, and this type of marble is often made in China at a low cost; As it consists of lime and white sand.
Advantages of Using Artificial Marble
- The design of artificial marble is characterized by beauty, because it contains many pigments and colors that may not be found in natural marble, which increases its aesthetic value, in addition, it contains a percentage of glue that works to protect it from the formation of pores between the crushed marble particles, which gives it Attractive luster.
- Artificial marble is easy to maintain when exposed to minor scratches, and it is characterized by the absence of pores on the outer layer, due to the presence of a protective layer on it, unlike natural marble, which is characterized by the presence of pores, which causes fluids to drink if spilled on it.
- Artificial marble is easy to clean, using a soft sponge.
- The cost of artificial marble is lower compared to artificial marble.
- It is easy to install, without the need to put in additional small parts; It is designed and manufactured based on precise measurements.
There is a group of colors that are the most popular in the world of marble, the most important of which are:
- Red marble: It is one of the most expensive types of marble, which makes it the least used.
- Brown Marble: It is the most common marble used in tiles; Where it is used as a decorative material.
- Pink marble: It is characterized by a color that suggests calm and positivity, and is usually used in places designated for rest.